## Wednesday, January 30, 2019

### Screening for large energy storage capacity of meta-stable dihydroazulenes Part 3

This is a follow up to this post, which was a follow up to this post. Briefly, we (that is to say Mads) have computed $\Delta E_{rxn}$ and $\Delta E^\ddagger$ for about 32,500 molecules using xTB and PM3 respectively. We can afford to do a reasonably careful (DFT/TZV) study on at most 50 molecules, so the next question is how to identify the top 50 candidates. In other words to what extent can we trust the conformational search and the xTB and PM3 energies?

In my last post we saw that the xTB and PM3 energies can be trusted well enough and this post we'll see that the conformational search also can be trusted.

Conformational search
The xTB storage energy calculation is based on the lowest energy DHA and VHF structures found by optimisations of $5+5n_{rot}$ geometries generated using RDKit. The plot above shows a comparison of this approach to one where we generated all conformers by systematically rotating each rotateable bond by $\pm 120^\circ$ for a subset of 100 molecules. It is clear that the $5+5n_{rot}$-approach works really well for most molecules (including the 20 with high storage energy) and, if anything, overestimates the storage energy (i.e. at worst we will have som false positives).

From 35,588 to 41 to 6 to ?? candidates
The fact that we can trust the storage energies reasonably well means that we can proceed with the 41 molecules I identified in the previous post. As a first step we optimised the geometries at the DFT level and as expected most of the molecules have barriers that are too low. But 6 of them still look promising, so the next step is to perform a systematic conformer search using xTB (just to be safe) and then re-optimise all structures with energies close to the xTB minimum with DFT. Stay tuned ... with fingers crossed.